Human and wildlife conflicts have increased these past years and one cannot ignore the relation to the increase in population. The conflict between people and animals have been said to be one of the main threats to the continued survival of some species and also a significant threat to local human populations. Retaliation killings will increase every year if a solution to this problem is not found resulting in the decline in local support for conservation.
Natural Habitats have shrinked due to the population increase and human - wildlife conflicts also increased. Conflicts varying from monkeys and baboons attacking crops, lions killing livestock and people to elephants trampling children and even trained people have risen. Some researches show that with the climate changing, human and wildlife conflicts are going to worsen. This has been evident as rain shortages in the past few years in Southern Africa led to shortages of grazing land and it forced cattle grazers to encroach into wildlife areas. These Economic struggles also impeded rural development initiatives. Road construction saves as a barrier to wildlife and without these roads human and wildlife interactions increase.
SOFA works with local communities in trying to fight species extinction due to human and wildlife conflict. SOFA uses community educational programs on animal law and behavior so as to try and lessens the occurrence of human and wildlife conflict cases. SOFA has worked in the Gokwe area and Norton teaching the inhabitants of the communities’ animal law and the importance of abiding by the laws set aside for conserving animals.